SEO May 2011 | Encyclopedia of wild dangerous Animals

Endangered species animal attack in the modern world: conservation and protection of rare species.

Tuesday, 17 May 2011

October 25, 2011 for the latest animal news click on the link  below

Endangered animals
Many parts of this planet were blessed with an abundant flora and fauna. With mechanization and the onset of industrialization, these born free animals and the natural vegetation stated to be depleted as a result of human activity and what was the end phenomenon, the extinction or near extinction of most of the animal and plant species. On the other hand, an endangered species is any species of animal or plant threatened with extinction as a result of the ongoing human activities to nature.

Pollution and the spillover effect destruction of habitats is the single and the greatest threat to many species around the world. Man has overexploited many of the animal and plant species and degraded most of the animal habitat and the ecology of many natural vegetation around the world. On the other hand,  the natural habitat degradation due to human activities is also part of the main cause for losses in biodiversity and may effects which results in many dangerous animal attacks.

Common Name            Location
Addax                                       North Africa
African Wild Ass                         Kenya, EthiopiaSomaliaSudan
African Wild Dog                        East Africa, West Africa, Central & South africa
Asian elephant                           Sri Lanka, India, Philippines, Malaysia, Bali, 
Aye-aye                                   Malagasy Republic (Madagascar)
Barbary Serval                           Algeria
Black Rhinoceros                        East Africa, West Africa, Central & South Africa
Cameroon Clawless Otter            CameroonNigeria
Cheetah                                     Africa  and South Asian counties 
Chimpanzee                               African countries
Clarke's Gazelle                          EthiopiaSomalia and Sudan
Coquerel's Sifaka                        Madagascar
Cuvier's Gazelle                          AlgeriaMoroccoTunisia
Dama Gazelle                            Africa
Dorcas Gazelle                           Algeria,IraqIsraelJordanMoroccoSomalia                                                                                  
Dugong                                    East Africa Mauritious, Sri Lanka Southern Japan
Ethiopian Wolf                           Ethiopia
Fork-crowned Lemur                   Madagascar
Golden jackal                             Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh
Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur             Madagascar
Leopard                                     Africa, Asia, Middle East
Malagasy Giant Jumping Rat         Madagascar
Mediterranean Monk Seal              Mediterranean Sea, NorthAfrican  Black Sea
Mountain Zebra                           NamibiaSouth Africa, Angola, Botswana
Pygmy Chimpanzee                     Congo Brazzavile Democratic Republic of Congo 
Pygmy Mouse Lemur                     Madagascar
Red-eared Nose-spotted Monkey     CameroonFernando PoNigeria
Rodrigues Fruit Bat                       Indian Ocean (Rodrigues Island)
Sand Cat                                     Africa, Asia, Europe, Middle East
Slender-horned Gazelle                  AlgeriaEgyptLibyaSudan
Striped Hyena                              Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, Europe
Western Giant Eland                     Senegal, Nigeria, Benin, Ghana,  Ivory Coast
Western Lowland Gorilla                Central and Western Africa countries
White-throated Guenon                 Western Nigeria
Zanzibar Suni                               Zanzibar and pemba islands
Dangerous animals protection
On the Friday May 20th , 2011 according to the Companion Animal Access and Rescue Act (CAARA) its main objectives and was to find ways and means to Seek an End to  Convenience Killing of Homeless Animals in New York Shelters. PRNews Wire News Releases. Many animals in many communities were on the run, some had the potential of not being vaccinated and posed a threat of rabies while the rest of the animals could be a source of many animal attacks which was a health and a life threatening to many.

As far as The Companion Animal Access and Rescue Act (CAARA), is concerned, it was a bill that was intended to save the lives of over 25,000 homeless pets every year, had been put on the forefront and gotten its chance to be introduced in the famous New York by State Assembly Member Micah Kellner. As far as animals are concerned, the  CAARA was to  insure the  crucial protection for all the  homeless pets in New York,  and to a greater extent to put an  end to all "convenience" killing by animal  shelters (killing when there are empty cages) and this act would  make it illegal to kill any animal if at any point some rescue groups were  willing to save these animals.

As far as animal facts and figures are concerned, statewide survey on animals conducted found that 71% of all New York State rescue groups surprisingly had been turned away by many of the shelter groups and with reasons best known to them had gone forward and killed the very same animals they had offered to save.

"There are tens of thousands of animals in New York State shelters waiting to be adopted and most are healthy, well-behaved and just in need of a loving home," Assembly Member Kellner said. "When a humane organization volunteers to take these animals, they should not be denied. A shelter should work with them to the fullest extent possible. States like California and Delaware have already passed similar legislation, and now it is time for New York to step up to the plate."

With the advent  of time and general with many animal attacks on the rise, animal rights awareness being on the forefront as animal safety and awareness is being achieved at a snail speed the modern society has pondered and questions arise if  there is  a future  for all animal rescue, adoption, education and protection?

Animal rescue, adoption, education and protection
As far as the media is concerned of 19th May 20011, The Jeanne Marching Vet Traing was inaugurated. The Jeanne M Marching International Center for Animals Welfare Education was to be part of the University of Edinburgh's Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary study for veterinary Study. 

Since its main aim of the project was to extend its collaborate with its international partners with the aim of  delivering a  wide range educational initiatives catering for different people and cultures in different parts of the world. 

With the diverse of  different animal species from different animal  habitat, this initiative was geared to give all loving animal  people power to all the veterinary  students too work all over the world as the core objective was to create and strengthen education on animal welfare for its students and thereby creating awareness and bring about the forum which would  be geared to spear head all animal rescue, adoption, education and protection and any other animal related  issues for the days to come. Political debate on animal welfare and protection issues were to be part and parcel of the centers involvement.

Africa's big five protection a clash with African Safari 
On the African continent on Wednesday, May 18 2011, it was reported that Cattle and wildlife clash over tourism. Tourism as far as Kenya is concerned was among the second foreign exchange earner and for the county. 

With the frequent time to time clashes over animal habitat which had been encroached and people property were lost and dangerous animal attacks and encounters were reported, the sheer allure of huge incomes from tourism had created panic among livestock farmers and traders in Taita Taveta County

The Kenyan Government schemes to set up disease free zones in the native habitat where the Masaai live along with the Kenya big five  to boost livestock farming especially for the lucrative export market had  hang in the balance as ranchers had no alternative but to set their sights instead on the value of conservancies. 

The official said turning the ranches into conservancies which to the world at large in terms of preservation of animals for the future was to be part of the conservation of endangered species and rare species of animals while on the contrary this would prove to be a very big blow to the Government’s plans but if that is what the owners wanted there was very little that could be done.
The majestic African Wild Dog only found mainly in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Sudan, Somalia, Malawi South Africa and a few other countries in of the Sub-Saharan Africa. With very few African wild dogs remaining, these endangered animals are protected by law and can only be hunted with special permission. The Black Rhinoceros just as the African Rhino is considered an endangered species and on the brink of extinction in may parts of Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Namibia, and Angola where their number used to be plenty. This dangerous animal species has made come back thanks to the ongoing conservation in the sub Saharan Africa and many parts of the world.

With plenty of the African Cheetah research going on, the number of cheetah in East Africa where there is plenty of wild animals to attack and feed on, the African cheetah which is regarded as the fastest land animal in the world is part of the endangered species list. With little range to search for food and the demise of its territory and reported attacks, there are cases where animal water holes have been poisoned in order to stamp out or wipe out some of the dangerous animals to man.

Ethiopian Wolf only found in Ethiopia and the northern parts of Kenya is an exotic species of its own in the Ethiopian peninsula. With less than 300 in number, the Ethiopian wolf with very huge difference unlike the snow wolf and the ray wolf. This wolf species has undergone worse as far as its general feeding grounds are concerned. It has managed to withstand extreme weather conditions, diseases, and the general population as a whole.

One of the most dangerous animals which is feared by other animals mainly for its ability to crack bones with a single bite is no other than the Hyena.  Lions, tigers, cheetahs and leopards always fear this animal when it searches for food. As far as its cousin  “The Striped Hyena” which inhabits; Asia in areas of Pakistan, Bhutan, Africa, and the Middle East; Algeria, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Somalia, Syria, Tunisia and many parts of Europe is facing the same fate unless drastic actions are taken to conserve this stripped hyena before it becomes extinct.

Wild animals attacks on humans by endangered animals  such as lions, tigers, elephants, alligators, crocodiles, bears, snakes, mountain lions and all animals that are in the endangered species list have caused harm to people, property and the environment and above all have  become more common as people and animals start sharing the same animal and human habitat. 

As many people continue to occupy the animal’s world, many animal attacks will continue to rise as both plants and animals’ environment will continue to be destroyed from the Arctic polar bears to the dangerous poisonous snakes of Africa and Asia. People who love animals know what it takes to raise animals. Many animal loving people know that animals have feelings and they need love and a family too.

When the CAARA was formed in the USA, it was geared to undertake comprehensive measures that would go beyond giving rescue groups the access to take care of animals. The knowledge about animals and animal health qualifications and guidelines were it sets for both animal shelters and rescue groups as a whole. Outlining the responsibilities of those who work directly with the animals will help ensure that the animals receive proper care. These provisions ensure that animals are given fresh food and water on a daily basis, exercise and socialization with other animals, clean living environments, and prompt veterinary care.

"Animal loving Americans would be shocked to know the reality of what's happening in our nation's shelters– including abuse, horrific conditions and unnecessary killings," says Debi Day, Director of No Kill Nation. 

"Most shelters are mired in the status quo and unwilling to change, so CAARA is designed to mandate lifesaving policies at these facilities, and ensure safety, proper care and a chance at a good home for all shelter pets. We are thrilled that this legislation has been introduced in New York, as well as elsewhere across the US. CAARA is a crucial step on our road to a No Kill Nation."

Benefits of animal attacks, animal fights and mauling
Many pictures of animals including dangerous animal attacks have been portrayed or caught on video depicting dangerous  animals mauling people, many animal attacks indifferent parts of the world and in the normal natural animal environment while to some extent innocent people and zoo keepers fine themselves attacked by zoo animals. 

The African animals including the big five, the great sea animals such as the great white shark and not forgetting the Australian dangerous crocodiles, alligators and snakes have come to the limelight of being some of the most dangerous animals facts. The top dangerous animals have always lived to their expectations and the same animals have now become animals in danger. 

Despite the fact that there is always awareness as to where to get animals information, the national geographic society has done extensive research on animals around the world. According to animal attack statistics, it’s amazing now to see recent stories all over the world to hear   animals abuse, pet attacks, and dog attacks and recently in India where it was caught live on video animals. 

When animals attack on humans is aired on TV, this is the time when others are inspired to make animal games while to some extent funny animal videos which are humorous and very graphic animal pictures and animal photos come up In the end, you find all breath taking Oscar wining animal attack movies and armature home made animal attacks movies on you tube which can be easily accessed.

Adapting with nature from different animal attacks.
For the scientist, there is always a new way of finding why different animal attack takes place in different environment whether it is a provoked attack or a nun provoked attack the beginning. Different animal species with their evolved natural habitat and surroundings always determine the provocation and the intent of the attack. 

On the other hand, for the people who love dogs, snakes, lions, bears, monkeys just to mention a few you get that  many of them have kept them as pets while to some its just a mere necessity as a watchdog without prior knowledge of how to take care of dogs and other pets as well. What is the ramification, you find that expensive unwanted dog bite lawsuits and people seeking the services of dog bite attorneys are also on the rise. 

Most government has come up with different animal attack laws and animal attack compensation so that both the owner and the person attacked by animals are protected by law. Should the dog be blamed for such an animal attack just because it’s a dangerous animal, should the dog or animal owner be punished because proper care and animal precaution and protection was not take care of? How about people who provoke the animal both knowingly or  unknowingly. 

A good guess would be many of these animal attacks are so sudden such that there is always no time to foresee such animal encounters until they happen. Children who are bystanders or just inquisitive to play or the seemingly harmless dog just end up being the victim of animal attacks which could be very fatal

The Pros and Cons
In the recent news posted on the Hindu Times dated 15th May, the Indian Government announced the compensation to its people of all walk of life and mainly to the kin of people killed in attacks by wild animals as there have been devastating recent incidents which had prompted such a move for those people who are faced with permanent disability, deaths of domestic animals and crop loss as a result of the deadly and dangerous animal attacks which had come to be part of human rights and the need for the protection of the same dangerous animals roaming the jungles of Asia.

As far as the legality and the do and don’ts regarding the compensation and payments are concerned, the Order clearly state that the compensated amount of money will be handed over to the victims of the animal attacks if the person or people died, or those who got permanent disability or were injured during the event while they were in a restricted area or land which belonged to the government while the same goes to the loss of crops and farm animals too.

The persons killed during the animal attack incident  should not have indulged in unlawful activities in forest or restricted and protected natural habitat areas. Since curiosity killed the cat, you get that in this world which we are living in, survival for the fittest is always the order of the day. Man has evolved from being a hunter and a gatherer to sophisticate all rounded egoistic being looking for greener pastures in the rain forest, savannah, prairies and the pampas   where he is not intended to, there by exploiting and destroying our beautiful flora and fauna. 

There are numerous cases where animals have become extinct and very rare animal species are becoming extinct due to poaching hunting, wild fires and as a result of global warming and the loss of wild animals breeding grounds. The ecological misbalance as a result of the food chain has districted the natural food cycle of many of the animal species. Rare species of animals are on the brink of being wiped out and the list of endangered species keep on rising.

Despite the fact that there is always a very big hue and cry from different animal rights groups and animal rescue and animal shelter groups you find that such animal attacks take place in these localities hence a certified medical doctor should ascertain and confirm during post-mortem that the death was caused by a wild animal attack. With difficult scarce resources to investigate the cause of death in many third world countries, many incidences are not reported due to fear of being  found to be the culprit or on the wrong by the concerned agencies whereas you get that for those who are in this business, this is the price they will always have to pay. Since man has not been able to understand the really secrets of nature and all its wild animals mythology, it’s the common person who ends up being devastated by wild animals.

If you find yourself being in the migratory rout of the Canadian Bison, Kenyan wildebeest and the Indian jumbo elephant makes you prone to animal attack. In many third world countries where majority of the communities are agrarian nomadic pastoralists all or almost all dwellings are not permanent houses, you find that most farmers’ dwellings offer little protection over animal attacks. Thus you find that many people find themselves vulnerable and if a mud or grass thatched house, animal, water shed, pump house, pipeline or fence is damaged in a wild elephant attack, the owner will be paid and for loss of cattle and other domestic animals too

Animal protection. A new chapter for endangered species.
Since there has been a lot of  animal protection programs in may countries, animal parks, animal shelters and animal sanctuaries have been able to bring all endangered and rare species loser to man. 

The big question come where by are people or have people been able to bring the same natural habitat into the zoos and animal sanctuaries which does not affect their living space as they would have been in the wild? These animals have now started to be on the animal watch list of endangered species and most of the endangered animals have been bred and released back in the nature. With the increased awareness of animal rights and protection policies in many social institutions in many countries, many beautiful land and sea  animals like crocodiles, foxes and monkeys in India weren’t that plenty. 

As hunting and the demand for animal hides and skins and other different animal parts just to mention a few has led to the decline of such animal species to be wiped out. At the same time, flooding and changes in the environment have resulted in many animals finding themselves in new animal habitats. Are we to blame in such changes in our natural environment. Well animals have to adapt to it as we get to know these animals as time goes by.

Despite the boom in these animals, many localities and states continued to prevent and to label some of the animals as endangered species. Feeding of Foxes, Coyotes, bears and wild dogs say an increase in such animal population due to the easy availability of food which didn’t have any competition. With the changing climate conditions, most animals have been forces to look for water over long distances and that’s where nature collides with man.
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October 25, 2011 for the latest animal attacks news click on the link  below

Dangerous Animal Attacks Seconds from Disaster and the Attack

Top Cats and Man Eaters:
The Most common animals or Cats which are  big enough and to pose a threat to people all over the world are the King of the African jungle, The famous African Lion, The Leopard, the Cheetah and the Asian Tiger. These dangerous animals attack people who live close to these animal habitat and mainly farmers and people who are out on safari hence precaution is always necessary. People on safaris on 4Wheel Drives are not spared with the African Elephant, the hippopotamus and the Nile crocodile which can spread havoc to the entire crew on safari and leave everyone running for their lives thereby prompting more harm to the individuals.

In  many parts of North America which is blessed with a variety of many wild animals  the  Mountain Lion, Tiger,  and  Puma cause a lot of danger to people who are on the move on camping or just on the natural world.  The Mountain Lions according to the cat family in the USA is known as the Cougar. This illusive dangerous animal works on stealth, speed and power. Although many people think of the cougar as a lion, it closely related to the panther family Animal statistics show that the number of Mountain lion attacks in the USA have increased dramatically despite proper animal protection, warnings and education in the US in recent years, more and more people still want to venture in these animal habitat which has been encroached living the wild animals feeding grounds with little or no food as a result of fear into contact with human beings. While literally seeing a tiger in such environment might be difficult, such surprise animal attacks should not be ruled out.

The grizzly bears are also on the fore front form many animal attacks despite the warnings and restrictions made on how to protect bear attacks. Our friends from Asia follow the same suit. Animals such as the Asian Tiger, the Tibetan tiger, sported leopard, and the Black Panther not forgetting the Indian Elephant are some of the animals which are a cause of many deaths to some of the animal attacks which are latest animal attacks information.

On the other hand, it’s not just the big land animals which are responsible to many attacks of the world, the different snake species such as the King cobra snake or the cobra family which is found in many parts of Asia, Africa Australia and the America is also a very poisonous snake. Although not that many snakes are poisonous, it’s just the sheer luck of knowledge of distinguishing venomous snake and non venomous snakes which can help keep some of the deadly snake attacks at bay.

Since most of the people who go out in the wilderness are always prepared, it’s always out of curiosity which makes one become vulnerable to wild attacks and accidents. Any one who goes in the animal habitat either on foot or on a bicycle depending on the animal encountered will determine the animal defense mechanism of either run to fight another day or defend and stay its ground.
People who are in a vehicle in the wilderness watching animals should not Step out of their 4by4 wheel drives, land rovers or safari vehicles, just to take a close-up picture of the beautiful flora and fauna which is just before you. Moving closer to big animals such the elephant, rhino and hippopotamus will only provoke them and put the entire crew in dangers these animals can pounce with lighting speed and can catch people off guard and cause fatalities. 

Mountain Lions attacks prevention:
Walking the dog is not a good idea. Unless it’s properly trained to obey commands, if the dog instincts just kicks in the dog will always try to protect its owner or chase the mountain lion, hence the onset of a dangerous encounter as the cougar will also be thinking of an easy catch or its animal territory has been violated.

Walking solo and being adventurous is just another recipe for getting in to any animal attacks with little help if needed. Being a lone ranger is advantageous to the mountain lion as they tend to attack people who are alone.  The bigger the number of people the lesser chances for an animal to dare to attack. Be wise and stay with the pack and you wont be attacked.

A snake grabber stick, a bear pepper spray, a whistle and a canister horn are some of the simple items which can help prevent many animal attacks. Since many animals use their sense of smell to detect their prey, the pepper spray when used ageist the animal at the correct time and intensity will make the animal think otherwise and run for the hills. The sudden loud bust of noise which they are not accustomed to will make them destructed as you also sound the alarm for help.

Pepper spray becomes handy bears and all other bear species are very a fast animal but has a very sensitive nose that is most impressed by refined, multiplied jalapeƱo peppers. You need to have practice how to use the bear pepper spray or any animal pepper spray otherwise you will find yourself looking for it with little time to use it as most dangerous encounters take place in split seconds.
If you see a dangerous animal nearby:
  1. Look at them straight in the eyes and don't look away.
  2. You should shout loudly to make the animal  confused  and break their concentration.
  3. Please do not bend, crawl, crouch, and dangerous animals like small targets.
  4. Running is not good, it's a kind of attack trigger, and they can run much faster than any human being on earth..
  5. If there is warning growl from a mountain lion, shout and generally look as big as possible with your arms raised high. Throw sticks and rocks and shout abuse. They hate that.
If dangerous animals attack you:
You should fight back, unlike their more dangerous African lions which are massive; the smaller dangerous mountain lion will usually take an adult human animal with ease. Mountain lions always hide and pounce or creep up on their victims, with the aim of attacking and biting the jugular vein and breaking the spine which will leave you helpless.
Punch, kick and hold and grab their snouts and eyes, or testicles if it's a dangerous male animal. Shout and scream to confuse the deadly animal, in addition to calling for help.

Dangerous Crocodile and Alligators safety
Many parts of the world have crocodiles and alligators but twelve species in the crocodile family, thee estuarine crocodile, Nile crocodile and North American crocodiles are the most dangerous due to their large size.
In Australia where tourism becoming a very popular activity and recreation in the northern areas of Western Australia, the Northern Territories and Queensland along with large estuarine crocodile’s saltwater or salt water crocodiles living there in both fresh and saltwater means that some crocodile attacks are inevitable. Eleven people have been killed by salt water crocodiles in north Australia since 1982.
Australia has many freshwater crocodiles that are less aggressive, but hard to see and may attack anyone or any other animal if they are surprised or threatened.
Saltwater vs. Freshwater crocodiles:
Salt water crocodiles are bigger, have rounded snouts and are extremely dangerous. Fresh water crocodiles are smaller, have narrow snouts. These fresh water crocodiles don't want to eat humans and are themselves eaten by salt water crocodiles. In fact some people believe that if fresh water crocodiles are around, then salt water crocodiles won't be.
The American alligator, alligator mississippiensis is known to cause many dangerous alligator attacks on people. Many alligator attacks are extremely rare; So far there dangerous attacks are almost four attacks on people per year on average. Florida alone has the biggest number of alligator attacks with over 12,000 alligator complaints from local people. Many of these alligator attacks have come by due to the endless contraction of houses in or around alligator habitats and breeding grounds.
All alligators are protected by USA law and the feeding of wild alligators is illegal with a maximum penalty of five hundred dollars. Those who feed these dangerous animals will always make the animals to come for easy food just like bears that have been moving to places where they can find food and hence a cause for many bear and crocodile and alligator attacks in many parts of the world
Reasons for crocodile and alligator Attack:
  1. Defense - crocodile and alligator want to protect their territory, nests and themselves. Crocodile and alligator are highly territorial, especially males at certain times of the year and females with nests and young.
  2. Appetite- crocodile and alligator get hungry will attack people even elephants to fill their hunger.
  3. Accidental - crocodile and alligator like to feed on other animals but sometimes they don’t choose it just takes place. if your in the wilderness where other animals reside
  4. Bad attitude - a few, particularly estuarine crocodile and alligator  with heir animal instincts are  bad tempered animals and will always be attracted and attack  anything that moves within its natural proximity habitat.
How crocodile and alligator Attack:
Crocodiles and alligators like to stay around in pools, lakes and rivers. People should be aware of their presence and report these dangerous animals to avoid any dangerous attacks. Crocodile and alligator can stay for days without any food and will wait and stalk they prey for the right moment. While stalking a lone swimmer, crocodile and alligator will wait for the swimmer to walk or move in the water and the crocodile and alligator will move overhead before striking and attacking from below.

Once the crocodile or the alligator has bitten or held firmly held its prey, the animal rolls its body over and over. This is what is called the Death Spin/Roll. On land this is fairly slow but in the water it's more like the speed of a tumble dryer. The result is that the prey becomes totally disoriented. Inmost cased, the part which is grabbed by the dangerous animal is a limb there is a good chance of dislocation or complete severance. The crocodile or alligator will keep on rolling until the prey is dead by drowning or blood loss.

The death roll mechanism which all crocodile and alligator use is very effective and has worked in many cases  on quite large animals such as elephants, buffaloes, zebras and many other the rest of the big five and the big cats as well.

The big crocodile beheads its prey under water by spinning over and over again. If you are in this attack, just hung in there and hope you get the chance to pinch or punch the nose if you get the slightest chance which might just save you

Dangerous attacks can be avoided from dangerous areas.
You should not swim or paddle in lakes, streams, ponds or in the sea near a river mouth if you're in a crocodile or alligator areas zone whether you are in East Africa where there are plenty of Nile crocodiles or in the Americas where the great alligators are there or coast of northern Australia. 
  1. When you are camping in the woods or near the forest such as the Amazon or near the famous national parks Australia park of USA you should pitch your tent 50m from any water. You should not leave food or garbage around as other dangerous animals such as the grizzly bears might make a meal out of you too. 
  2. Never get water from the same area while you are out in the animal habitat every day as you might be an east target for any animal attack who might be stalking you day in day out. While you are swimming and having fun never dangle legs or arms in the water as this will attract other animals to attack. When see a crocodile or an alligator stay at least thirty foot or away on land and teasing them will just make them angry and you might be the next meal out of them. 
  3. You should only swim in areas that are designated safe or posted with signs as safe to swim. When you hear a crunching or a hissing sound in the area or any undergrowth in the night while camping, scout the area with caution and get out of there with caution. 
  4. Crocodiles and alligators can move at lightning speed out of the water hence keeping your loved ones, pets and your belongings from the edges of the boats or the banks of rivers will do you some real good. When you spot a crocodile or an alligator baby, the chances that the mother or father crocodile might be near are very high. 
  5. Taking or feeding the baby crocodile will but you at great risk while in the vicinity of such a dangerous crocodile or an alligator. Crocodiles and alligator are nocturnal animals and swimming at night is just not a good idea no matter how good or romantic it might be. All your romance might end up in the mouth of these dangerous crocodiles or alligators because you might not be able to see these deadly creature but they will surely see you as bait. 
When dangerous crocodiles or alligators attack you:
You should run very first in a straight line. Dangerous and ambitious crocodiles or alligators can outrun you for about thirty foot and they can swim better than the strongest swimmer in the world.
When dangerous crocodiles or alligators catch you:
You should punch it repeatedly on its sensitive nose or poke it in the eyes and shout for help. 
Crocodiles and alligators don't like resistance which might just save you from their sharp and dangerous teeth. 
While playing dead does not work for crocodiles or alligators and will only top shaking their prey when they think you are dead.

Bear Attacks

The brown bear the polar bear the grizzly bear and the most dangerous the black bear attacks take place very quickly. These bear family are very powerful and have the guts to take on any living creature on earth when threatened. The beautiful Brown bears or 'Grizzly Bears  are smaller than the polar bears but are as dangerous as any dangerous bear in the wild. 

The Grizzly bears or the black and the polar bears will only attack when they are caught by surprise and will attack humans only if startled or they want to defend their cubs with young or if they are hungry and are stalking you as it has been the tactics for most black bears.
When you are attacked by a black bear, a grizzly bear or a polar bear you should curl into a ball and play 'dead'. If it continues to attack and you have an item with you to defend or injure the animal the best chance for you is just to fight back

The Bear Facts:
In the USA, British Columbia and many parts of, Canada there are around ten dangerous bear attacks a year on average with about five fatality every year. Grizzly bears account for half of these despite there being ten times as many Black Bears.
One swipe of a paw can cause a very dangerous bodily harm and render a person to be in a very critical condition. Starving bears are always dangerous animals, and much of this is through our own doing. For instance the small and normally passive Sun Bear of Borneo, Indonesia has recently started launching itself at people. Logging and non-fruiting of their trees are blamed for their recent aggression.
North America countries and many parts of Canada are the best places for bear watching while other polar bears can also be of good interest for watching larger bears.
When any kind of bear is standing on their hind legs it could be trying to find who the intruder is in the bear habitat or breeding ground. the best thing to do is just not to panic and to  slowly back off.

Avoiding Attacks

There are two kinds of attacks:
  1. Defense - where you surprise or upset the animal, perhaps a mother with cubs. In this case it will show anger, but simply wants you removed as a threat, not to kill you.
  2. Hunger - where the bear sees you as meat and two legs. It may stalk you and will not display anger symptoms, but it's intent is deadly. So the bear necessities are
  • Pack your food in airtight containers, and/or store it at least from your campsite.
  • Never feed wild animals this will make them keep coming for more.
  • Avoid areas where bears feed such as fruit groves and streams with fish.
  • Do not hike alone, and make noise when on the move so the bear is not surprised by you.
  • Carry a bear repellent pepper spray with you if you can get it. It always comes handy and effective 75% of the time.
  • Never approach a mother bear or her cubs at any cost.
  • If the animal has yet to see you and is wandering by or is up on its hind legs sniffing the air but still has not noticed you, stay absolutely still and make no noise whatsoever, or leave the scene very quietly if you think you can without being spotted by the dangerous animal.

If the bear does see you it will probably not bother you anyway in such a case don’t bother the bear either or try to take close up pictures of the bear.
- Never run from a bear.  Bears are good runners whether up hill or down hill and running may trigger a chase response from the animal that would otherwise not bother.
When a dangerous bear approaches aggressively:
When a bear approaches slowly experts suggest two differing ploys. Try either or both:
  • Talk calmly and firmly, back away, don't make eye contact, don't threaten the bear in any way and it may lose interest. If not:
  • Be aggressive, make a noise, wave your hands.
  • If the bear  does run at you and is up on its hind legs making unpleasant noises including puffing, teeth chomping, and snarling then here are your options:
  • It may be a 'bluff' charge, which is not uncommon, in which case the critter will veer off or stop at the last moment if you stay still. Then slowly back away.
  • Run to safety,
When you are absolutely sure that you can reach it in time before the creature. These animals can travel at the speed of a top sprinter.
Trees are not a good refuge depending on the height of the tree and the type of the tree. Black bears climb them all day long and so do young brown bears too. Older grizzly bears are excellent tree shakers. Polar bears live in the Arctic Circle where trees are thin on the ice.

Brown and Polar bears spend most of their time in water and they are good swimmers as well. The best choice is to crown and roll up in a ball to protect your vital organs and pretend to be as dead as possible. Dangerous bears who do not want to make a meal out of you may roll around on you for a bit and move on. When a dangerous bear is not showing anger but plain hunger the chances for you are slim.

If you have your bear pepper spray pepper, use it on the bears face which will be painful to the bear. Run for your life as when the pain shrugs or wears of, the bear might attack once more with a deadly force but with caution.
When a bear attacks you, fighting back is probably not the best possible option with a Polar bear or Grizzly bear in your face unless you have some kind of weapon. people who are out in the bear country or bear territory should respect the natural bear habitat. Only then can such dangerous bear attacks can be avoided at the minimum with less contact with them

Snakes Bites

Avoiding dangerous and venomous snake bites:

You should not aggravate a dangerous animal or provoke it into an attack.
Never try to capture or hold a snake without a snake grabber or unless you are an experienced herpetologist. as in most cases its always three people who can be of help  One person is the person who got the snake bite by chance or by sheer negligence. The person is to stay with snake victim and the last one who is to seek help for the snake bite.
  1. When you are entering a snake habitat you should look down and be wise to wear proper protective shoes with a torch while at night can prevent any dangerous snake attack or warn you from any dangerous animals as well.
  2. You should put on heavy socks and boots to prevent any unforeseen snake bites while walking in the long grass or fallen leaves and undergrowth.
  3. You should not lift or pick stones or fallen vegetative matter or firewood unless its necessary but cautiously.
  4. Don’t panic if a snake is within striking distance but stay absolutely still. The king cobra and the rattle snakes are very quick and may strike in defense.
Snake Bite Symptoms: 
Severe pain, swelling, discoloration around the bites; later comes fluid build-up, secondary infection, dead tissue, extreme skin and neural sensitivity. This may continue for several days.
If the venom contains neurotoxins the victim may experience nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, slurred speech, and difficulty in breathing.

Snake Bite Treatments:

Snake bite wounds should not be cleaned unless the snake has been firmly identified whether it’s a poisonous snake or any other non venomous snake from its color the shape and the size. Many medical centers around the world have a venom detection kit that need small specimen around the snake bite area to be taken.
Standard and the best snake bite treatment:
Many snake bites do not end up with any venom entering the body in most cases.
  • The snake bite victim should not panic but lie down to slow down the spread of venom in the body or bloodstream.
  • You should let the snake bitten area bleed freely for less than a minute.
  • You should wrap a light clean piece of cloth or bandage above and below the wound and while doing so make sure that you get two fingers under the bandage otherwise that will be very tight].
  • All jewellery or tight fitting clothing have to be removed.
  • You should immobilize/splint the bitten limb and keep it at heart level or gravity-neutral. It the snake bite area is very high, it can cause venom to move to the heart and if its too low it might cause severe swelling.
  • Drinking alcohol to calm your nerves is of no use. You just need to stay awake than pass out.
  • Taking medication can bring complications while eating and filling your stomach might bring havoc to your present situation due to the venom reaction with your body.
Take the snake bite victim the nearest medical center within 3 hours and tell snake involved in the attack so as to get the best snake antidote.
 Cold pack: You should quickly tie  a light bandage below and above  the snake bite area and  place a cold pack such as frozen peas over the wound so as to reduce the swelling, pain, and slow the travel of venom and permanent tissue damage from frostbite.
 Cutting and sucking the snake bitten area.
It should be done if the hospital or help is 3 hours away and the snake was venomous. Cutting and sucking the snake bitten area is ok but not normally recommended because:
 It’s dangerous to perform in such a panicky weird  situation
The cut may do more damage than the original punctures if secondary infection starts.
The increased blood flow from the cut may increase the flow of venom too.
The best way to treat snake bite wounds
Wrap a light bandage above and below the wound quickly.
clean the snake bitten area with antiseptic and repeat  every few minutes.
Cut with a short sharp blade around the bite site and start to suck the snake venom which feels tasteless and is harmless in the mouth for a maximum of 15 minutes

Follow the last 3 steps of #1.
Venom: the venom is a specialized form of saliva and its primary purpose is to immobilise or kill the prey - sometimes also to begin digesting the meal before consumption.
The secondary purpose is as a defence. Different species will vary in their level of aggression when provoked.
Toxicity: the level of toxicity of any particular venom is in all practicality irrelevant as the amount injected makes the difference. This will depend on the size of venom sacks, the amount they contain if the animal has bitten something else recently, and the amount the creature decides or manages to inject.
The location of the bite will also influence the speed of the effect, depending on the proximity of the bite to main veins and arteries through which the venom travels to vital organs.
Travel safety stats:
The countries where most people die from snake bites are India and Sri Lanka with around 20,000 fatalities annually in India alone and some parts of Africa and south America.
In the USA the state with most snake bites is Arizona.
Australia hosts nine of the world's top ten deadly snakes.
Some venom can kill a strong male, elephants even tigers in a couple of hours.

The world's most deadly snakes are:
in USA, The Coral Snake, Mexican Moccasins, The water snake, the copperhead snake, the cottonmouth snake, and the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake. 
In Australia: Inland Taipan which is the world's most toxic snake but fortunately rare to see or to find, the  Australian Brown snake which is Australia’s biggest snake killer, The Taipan snake, the Tiger snake,  Black and the Sea snake.

South East Asia: The Malayan Krait, Blue Malayan Coral Snake, Equatorial Spitting Cobra, Banded Krait.
India: The Indian Cobra and the Russel's Viper.
Africa: The Black Mamba, The  Boomslang snake, Egyptian Cobra, Puff Adder and Saw Scaled Viper, Eastern Green Mamba. Central and South America the Fer-de-Lance 

Dangerous Scorpion attacks

Scorpions are some of the smallest animals which can kill with slpit seconds and without warning while some scorpions are as harmless while some like the blue scorpion is as useful to the extent of being used as a treatment for cancer. Scorpions like to move in the night to hunt or feed. These dangerous insects are also  hunted by lizards, mice snakes even small cats in the wild. The largest South African Scorpion is about  over 8 inches long.

Most scorpion bites are not recorded or reported due to the nature of the bite, proximity and communication which is hard to come by.  With about 1,200 scorpion species in the world only 20 scorpion species are considered to be very dangerous and life threatening man. Many scorpion death results in babies and the elderly who might be weak or sick or result from hypersensitivity due to the venom through anaphylactic shock and hence the death as a result of the dangerous scorpion bites.  Scorpions inject their venom through a barbed stinger on the end of the beast's tail.  All scorpions are unable to sting what they are standing on if they are on a flat surface.

How to Avoid Scorpion dangerous stings:

Scorpions and Clothing You should shake them well before putting  them on.
Scorpions and Beddings You should check where you sleep if you are in an area where scorpions are found in plenty and around their natural habitat.
Scorpions and Water: Many scorpions like water mainly in cold dark places and its good to be  on the watch out for scorpions on these dangerous locations.
Scorpions and Footwear: Scorpions like to hide in dark places and your shoes can be a very nice and cozy place for a scorpion and a very painful bite from dangerous scorpion.  

Scorpion stings Symptoms:
Minor scorpion attack,  the local effect: swelling and Intense pain at the sting site, numbness, and tingling with light muscle spasms. The pain usually goes away within one hour and all symptoms subside within 24 hours. 
Moderate scorpion attack, the whole body effect: Intense pain including the groin area and armpits. There is swelling and numbness of the face and throat with breathing difficulties, agitation and high temperature.
Severe scorpion attack, the body and central nervous system effect: nausea, vomiting, fever, convulsions and frothing at the mouth,
Death as a result of a scorpion bite are rare and are always as a result of heart or respiratory failure several hours after somebody got the scorpion bite.

Scorpion Bite Treatment:
You should clean affected site with soap and clean water and put on an ice-pack if available to reduce the swelling.  Being calm and relaxed is the best medicine as any sudden movements will make the scorpion venom react faster in your body. 
Level the place where you have been bitten by the scorpion to the heart level.
Bees, Wasps and other flying creatures.

Most stinging insects are relatively safe to be near, even in large numbers, so long as they are not aggravated.  A pain killer or an antihistamine pill should help alleviate the pain before medical help is sought. In 1989 32 people in the southern US died from fire ant stings while wasps, yellow jackets and bees and rack up up to 100 deaths a year in the USA.  However, dozens of people a year die from insect stings, mostly due to anaphylactic shock, some as a direct result of the toxins. 

Prevention of Bee and Wasp Stings:

you have to be very careful when using a noisy garden tool while out in the wilderness.
You should scout for bee hives, nests or dangerous insect activity in the area. Using a noisy tool within 50 yards of a hive or 150 yards of a wild bee colony is a good recipe for a dangerous bee attack.

You will enrage bees or wasps if you swat them. Only do so if you are dead sure to kill the bee or wasp because when you strike or kill a bee you will invite danger as all other bees will come for revenge. Food and drinks outdoors should be covered.
Other insect might cling to your towel trying to cool off on your damp beach towel
 You can trap the wasps by putting something sweet in a jar  such as jam, honey or beer a couple of inches of water in, cover it and punch a wasp-size hole in the cover. The bee or wasp will crawl in, buzz around, fall in the water and drown.
Safety tips for dangerous Killer Bees: Africanized bees have 27% less venom than regular European honeybees - and thus are less dangerous individually, but these can be  very grumpy, sensitive and seem to have a 'one out, all out' defence policy!

Dangerous Killer Bees: 
These killer bees look just like regular honey bees, and are honey bees and reproduce five times faster than ordinary honey bees. The killer bees colonies can number up to 60,000 bees. As far as statistics are concerned, over 1,000 people so far have been killed by killer bees.

Killer bees tend to swarm and aggressively defend their nests when approached or disturbed from a distance of 100 yards.  The biggest cause for killer bees attacks are noise and vibrations from power mowers and cutters. Killer bees will chase invaders as far as a quarter mile and will go on attacking for about 10 hours.
While in flight, killer bees look like a small cloud and would sound like a power tool and may cluster anywhere on their path even car bumpers.
If the bees become irritated, they often warn off intruders by bumping heads with them, not stinging. If that happens to you, don't swat them, just turn around and leave! The chances of being killed by a bee these days in the USA are less than being killed by lightning.

In the event of a massed bee stinger attack:
Always try to stay calm and cover your head with your shirt and run steadily to safety in a straight line.
enter anything that is sealed such as a tent or a carwhich does not to allow insect to get in.
Do not:
Screaming irritates bees and wasps and makes them increase the severity of the attack.
Running towards other people will also make them get attacked.
hiding  under water is not a good idea as these bees will still be swarming above the water and go attack you when you surface for air and if they are killer bees, they will attack for 10 hours.
Ripping your clothes off makes more attacks from rest of the bees.
Treatment of bee and wasp stings:
Always get away from a nest or hive with all speed as all bee stings include an alarm pheromone which incites their mates to attack.
 scrape off or pull out stings as soon as possible. method and speed is of the essence as a honey bee sting has a pump attached that continues to introduce venom for 1 minute after stinging. A wasp doesn't leave its stinger.
You should  apply an ice pack  to minimize swelling and pain.
Always adjust you limb to heart level to reduce swelling.
Its advisable to swallow some an antihistamine medication to reduce itching and swelling.
Taking an anti-inflammatory pain killer is preferred.
The redness and the swelling and may be worse the next day which is a normal allergic reaction. If however the swelling is still painful with a persistent fever there may be chances secondary infection and you should consult your physician.
Taking any antibiotics will not help.

Severe bee stings and wasp reactions:
At any circumstances that the person might have been stung multiple times mostly for young children and the weak and the elderly you should be aware of 1% that is super-sensitive to stings, watch for signs of systemic allergies. These may include:
Swelling of the tongue or throat, difficulty in breathing, headaches, fever, nausea, vomiting, cramps, drowsiness and unconsciousness.
Severely allergic people should carry an epinephrine kit and use it, followed by an ice pack and hospital

Blue-Ringed Octopus

These dangerous octopuses are only found along the dangerous waters of Australia. When the Blue-Ringed Octopus mature they are the size of a normal hand, 10-20cm in diameter with tentacles extended and a yellow or brown colour and occasionally with some brown bands. When the blue ringed octopus appears on its body, it is always late to warn people as will always strike only for its effects to be felt later. The Blue-Ringed Octopus is mainly found  near shoreline or banks of the ocean or in rocky pools looking and hunting for crabs.
If someone  picks the Blue-Ringed Octopus or walks on it, it will  bite with a little beak in the mid-underside of its body.

The Blue-Ringed Octopus bite may not be noticed immediately, but pain followed by severe breathing difficulties, nausea and paralysis will show the dangerous effects although not so many deaths have been reported as a result of the Blue-Ringed Octopus. with many inquisitive fingers and eyes while out there on the seashore, the Blue-Ringed Octopus also releases venom into the water surrounding it and caution should be taken to avoid any accidents while out there.

Avoidance of Blue-Ringed Octopus dangerous attacks
You should not date touch, poke, play with or stand on any blobby animals near or on beach whether they are Jellyfish crabs or Blue Rings. All animals have the right to be left alone whether dead or alive.
Within ten minutes of the bite, vision problems, numbness, muscular weakness, severe breathing difficulties, nausea with some vomiting, extreme pain is experienced, nausea and sometimes floppy paralysis.
  1. Make sure the victim who is bitten does not panic.
  2. Wrap a light bandage above and below the bite quickly
  3. Try to  Immobilize or splint the bitten area and keep it at heart at all cost as this might save a life. Too high causes venom to travel to the heart, too low causes more swelling.
  4. No self medication should be administered, nothing should be taken by mouth and the victim should be take to hospital without fail.
  5. Mouth to mouth resuscitation might be administered if need be.

For the moment, its hard to know if there is any known antivenom to the Blue-Ringed or the Blue Ring Octopus

Like any other dangerous animal, the stonefish is the kind of fish which has no borders. From the snow caped continent in Alaska to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa and the Australian continent, the stone fish is well know for its deadly attacks when someone steps on it. The stone fish has had a lot of fatalities in many of the warm waters regions and beaches where people flock to swim or just hang out. With its deadly attack maneuvers, the stonefish which hides itself on the seashore or in shallow waters leaves its poisonous spines protruding up and when someone steps on it, he gets the pain of a life time if he is barefoot and had stetted on this deadly stonefish

How to avoid a stonefish injury is just simple mare knowledge of the animal habitat you are in. Stepping on the seashore with bare feet is just inviting danger to yourself. While walking along such coastal areas special attention has to be identified as to the reasons where someone is venturing into. Taking good precautions is the key to prevent any unwanted accidents and injuries which could be caused the stonefish. Wearing proper footwear such as sandal or shoes will just do the trick. Pocking of hand into the hand or sitting on the sand without looking is just one way of aggravating and causing unwanted poisonous stings entering your body with no good reasons. You just have to respect these animal natural habitats.
Stonefish Sting Symptoms:
Pain is what you get when you become a victim of a stonefish sting. This is usually accompanied by swelling of the foot or the body part which has come into contact with the sting. Some people experience some weakness on their muscle weakness, paralysis and dying skin may go on for some time while the swelling may disappear later.
Treatment for stinging fish:
dipping the affected place in hot water should solve one of the problem. With the pain increasing, a pain killer should be taken to alleviate the pain while if the main persist, you should consult your doctor. In most cases, prevention of other diseases is also important. A tetanus injection could be taken while an X-rays may be taken to rule out any Stonefish spine fragments which could be embedded in the victim’s body